How do heart attack symptoms differ in men and women?

News & Events

Dr. Neda Etazadi

Dr. Neda Etezadi-Amoli, FACOG, assistant professor and chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, discusses women's heart health during the 2019 Go Red for Women press conference held at UNR Med Jan. 30 to kick off National Heart Month. Photo by Brin Reynolds/UNR Med 

Think of any dramatic portrayal of a heart attack you've seen on TV or in the movies: Usually an older male clutches his chest or his arm before falling to the floor. But that's not what a heart attack always looks like, especially if you're a woman.

With heart disease and stroke causing one in three deaths in women each year-more than all cancers combined-it's important that women know the signs of a heart attack, additional risk factors and their individual “numbers.” In honor of National Heart Month, we asked Dr. Neda Etezadi-Amoli, FACOG, assistant professor and chair of the UNR Med Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, how women can safeguard their most important vital organ.

How do heart attacks present in women?

Heart disease is often recognized as a problem for men, but it is also the most common cause of death for women in the U.S. Physicians need to be actively aware of the fact that female patients may present differently with a heart attack and should be taken seriously. Women may experience chest pain or discomfort such as heaviness or pressure—the most common heart attack symptom in general—but not to the same degree as men. And sometimes, they may not have chest pain at all.

Women are more likely to have:

  • Abdominal, shoulder, neck or jaw discomfort
  • Pain that radiates into the arms
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Lightheadednesss, dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Unusual fatigue

What are additional risk factors for women?

Increased heart attack risk factors for women include diabetes, smoking, inactivity, high cholesterol, mental stress, certain types of chemotherapy, menopause and pregnancy complications.

How can women decrease their heart attack risk?

Stay healthy! Eat right, manage stress, be active during the day, and get plenty of rest at night. Also, keep a close eye on those "numbers"—meaning blood pressure and cholesterol.

If a woman's blood pressure and cholesterol numbers are on the unhealthy side, what steps can she take to start reversing the risk?

Reduce as many risk factors that are in your control. Speak to your physician about safe activities to start, dietary changes, methods to help stop smoking, and the potential need for medications to help decrease blood pressure and cholesterol and/or help with depression and stress management.

In order to be around to do our jobs and take care of those we love, we need to take care of ourselves and remind those around us to do the same.


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The University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine, Nevada's first public medical school, is a community-based, research-intensive medical school with a statewide vision for a healthy Nevada. Established in 1969, UNR Med is improving the health and well-being of all Nevadans and their communities through excellence in student education, postgraduate training and clinical care, research with local, national and global impact and a culture of diversity and inclusion.

Released: Monday February 11, 2019 @ 8:45 AM