PA Studies Program Competencies
(Appendix 3b ARC-PA Standards)
I. Medical Knowledge:
- Applies evidence-based medicine and scientific principles to patient care.
- Synthesizes information about etiologies, risk factors, underlying pathologic processes, and epidemiology for medical conditions to make accurate diagnoses.
- Demonstrates proficiency in performing a history and physical exam; aggregates and analyzes this information to formulate differential diagnoses.
- Orders/performs and interprets appropriate diagnostic testing as indicated by history, physical and differential diagnoses.
- Manages general medical and surgical conditions from initial presentation through ongoing follow-up using evidence-based treatment guidelines and best practices.
- Applies drug therapy that is based on treatment guidelines to medical conditions.
II. Interpersonal and Communication Skills:
- Demonstrates a pattern of therapeutic and ethically sound relationships with patients.
- Demonstrates professional and respectful interactions with patients, caregivers and members of the interprofessional team (e.g. peers, consultants, nursing, ancillary professionals and support personnel).
- Communicates with respect to the culture, socioeconomic circumstances and health beliefs of patients and families to set mutual health goals and provide services most likely to benefit health.
- Works effectively with physicians and other health care professionals as a member or leader of an inter-professional health care team or other professional group.
- Demonstrates emotional resilience and stability, adaptability, flexibility, and tolerance of ambiguity.
- Accurately and adequately documents information regarding care for medical, legal, quality, and financial purposes.
III. Patient Care:
- Gathers and synthesizes essential and accurate information to define each patient's clinical problem(s).
- Makes decisions about diagnostic and therapeutic interventions based on patient goals and preferences, financial considerations, current scientific evidence and informed clinical judgement.
- Develops and implements patient management plans that are safe and effective to include preventative, acute, chronic and rehabilitative care.
- Uses technical skills and demonstrates proficiency in medical techniques and procedures to diagnose and treat disease.
- Counsels and educates patients, caregivers and families.
- Incorporates knowledge of behavioral medicine and psychiatry in management of patient care.
- Provides screening and preventive care that improves wellness, modifies risk factors for illness and injury, and detects illness in early, treatable stages.
- Uses technology to find evidence-based information to support patient care decisions and patient education.
- Advocates for patients, families, and communities to optimize health care equity and minimize health outcome disparities.
- Demonstrates understanding of practice-specific legal and regulatory requirements and the role of the physician assistant as a member of the healthcare team.
- Exemplifies qualities such as respect, compassion, integrity, self-reflection, critical curiosity, initiative, accountability to patients, society, and the profession, healthy behaviors and life balance.
- Accepts responsibility and follows through on tasks.
- Demonstrates understanding of the ethical principles of confidentiality of patient information and informed consent.
- Demonstrates respect and consideration for patients' and colleagues' culture, age, gender and abilities.
V. Practice-Based Learning and Improvement:
- Incorporates feedback from faculty, preceptors, colleagues and patients into active life-long learning.
- Locates, appraises, and integrates evidence from scientific studies related to their patients' health.
- Applies knowledge of evidence-based medicine to the critical appraisal of medical research and literature as it relates to the diagnostic and therapeutic effectiveness of diagnostics and interventions.
- Identifies personal knowledge and/or skill gaps and utilizes resources to support continued medical education.
VI. Systems-Based Practice:
- Integrates with various medical practice models and health care delivery systems.
- Identifies forces that impact the cost of health care and practices cost-effective care.
- Accepts responsibility for promoting a safe environment for patient care. Recognizes systems-based factors that negatively impact patient care.
- Applies the concepts of population health to patient care.
- Correctly documents billing and coding for patient encounters.
VII. Health Systems in Nevada:
- Works effectively in both urban and rural Nevada health care delivery settings.
- Recognizes the barriers to health care experienced by patients in rural and/or underserved Nevada.
- Demonstrates patient-centered primary care that is sensitive to the unique demographics of the population of Nevada.